All horses, but especially riding horses, horses that have physical challenges, and most (early) retired sport horses, will benefit from classical gymnasticising work from the ground and in the saddle.
Classical dressage has its roots in old Europe. Today, there are different classical traditions which have been formed – and changed – over a long period of time. We’re still able to find masters in the art of classical riding today. The Red Pony – Horsemanship focuses mainly on the Academic Art of Riding (AAoR) as headed by Bent Branderup, and is particularly interested in how this style shows similarities to the old Californian tradition of horsemanship.
Academic groundwork and riding addresses the natural asymmetry of horses, and consists of a training scale of balancing, suppling, and strengthening exercises. The goal of these exercises is to make the horse stronger, straighter, more supple and more flexible – and thereby more able to carry us as riders in a healthy, balanced way.
The kind of balance we are looking for differs per horse and our riding purposes. For most recreational riding, a working, horizontal balance, where the horse can distribute his weight evenly between his front- and his hindquarters, is the least we should strive for in order to prevent early wear and tear.
Because the academic groundwork starts with up-close work to the human, it is helpful if the horse has an awareness of personal space, respects the human, and is in a learning frame of mind. It is recommended to have a solid horsemanship foundation in place prior to starting with these exercises.
NB: For these groundwork sessions you’ll need a cavesson, a somewhat longer “whip” (approx. 1.20m), and a not too heavy leadrope or rein.